Executive summary (32 pp, 940 MB)
Research and development: USA, Europe and Japan increasingly
challenged by emerging countries, says a UNESCO report
While the USA, Europe and Japan may still be leading the global
research and development (R&D) effort, they are increasingly being
challenged by emerging countries, especially China. This is one of
the findings of the 2010 UNESCO Science Report, launched at the
Organization's headquarters on 10 November, World Science Day.
The UNESCO Science Report depicts a rapidly changing landscape. While
investment in R&D is growing globally (in volume)*, emerging
countries are clearly gaining strength in science and technology.
This can be seen especially in terms of Asia's share of gross
domestic expenditure on research and development (GERD).